Posts Tagged ‘create thumbnail image in ASP.Net’

How to create thumbnail image in ASP.Net/C# OR resize the image before upload in ASP.Net/C#

July 7, 2011 18 comments

How to reduce the size of image before uploaded to the server in ASP.Net/C#

In most of the ASP.Net application with uploaded image facility will face the performance issue while loading uploaded images to display for the user. We can limited the maximum size of the image that a user can upload but it may not be a good solution because a user has to facing very difficult situation for uploading a large image. He has to reduce the image from other tools and upload again.

The better approach to solve this issue, we are not going to giving any maximum size limit for uploading image. Instead we are internally reducing the size of the image that a user going to upload by checking whether it is exceeds affordable size.  Then there is no constraints are given to user so that he doesn’t care about the size and quality of the image.

Image Size 764 KB

Simple steps to reduce the size of image before upload in ASP.Net/C#

 Here we are going to demonstrate a very simple and best approach to reduce the size of the image before uploaded to the server. In some application we need to show thumbnail image with uploaded images. In that case there is no need to store very large image in the server. So before going to uploading to the server, we are going to create thumbnail image or reduce the size of image as we wish using C#/ This is very simple sample of reducing image and can be easily understand by beginners also.

Step by Step process to create an application for reducing size of image before uploaded to the server in ASP.Net/C#

 Step 1 . Create a ASP.Net project and create a web page.

Step 2.  Drag a file uploader, button and Datalist(for display uploaded images)


 <asp:Panel runat="server">
<asp:FileUpload ID="fileupload1" runat="server" />
<asp:Button ID="btnsave" runat="server" Text="Upload" OnClick="btnsave_Click" />
<asp:DataList ID="dtlist" runat="server" RepeatColumns="3" CellPadding="5">
<asp:Image ID="Image1" ImageUrl='<%# Bind("Name", "~/Images1/{0}") %>' runat="server" />
<br />
<asp:HyperLink ID="HyperLink1" Text='<%# Bind("Name") %>'
NavigateUrl='<%# Bind("Name", "~/Images1/{0}") %>'
runat="server" />
<ItemStyle BorderColor="Brown" BorderStyle="dotted" BorderWidth="3px"
VerticalAlign="Bottom" />


Step 3 .  In page load call function ‘BindDataList’ to display uploaded images

Step 4.   On Save button click event, call function ‘GenerateThumbnails’ for reduce of image.

Code Behind Page 

protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
if (!IsPostBack)
protected void BindDataList()
DirectoryInfo dir = new DirectoryInfo(MapPath("Images1"));
FileInfo[] files = dir.GetFiles();
ArrayList listItems = new ArrayList();
foreach (FileInfo info in files)
dtlist.DataSource = listItems;
protected void btnsave_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
string filename = Path.GetFileName(fileupload1.PostedFile.FileName);
string targetPath = Server.MapPath("Images1/" + filename);
Stream strm = fileupload1.PostedFile.InputStream;
var targetFile = targetPath;
//Based on scalefactor image size will vary
GenerateThumbnails(0.5, strm, targetFile);
private void GenerateThumbnails(double scaleFactor, Stream sourcePath,
string targetPath)
using (var image = Image.FromStream(sourcePath))
// can given width of image as we want
var newWidth = (int)(image.Width * scaleFactor); 
// can given height of image as we want
var newHeight = (int)(image.Height * scaleFactor);
var thumbnailImg = new Bitmap(newWidth, newHeight);
var thumbGraph = Graphics.FromImage(thumbnailImg);
thumbGraph.CompositingQuality = CompositingQuality.HighQuality;
thumbGraph.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.HighQuality;
thumbGraph.InterpolationMode = InterpolationMode.HighQualityBicubic;
var imageRectangle = new Rectangle(0, 0, newWidth, newHeight);
thumbGraph.DrawImage(image, imageRectangle);
thumbnailImg.Save(targetPath, image.RawFormat);

Image Size 36 KB

By using above application, we can reduce the size of images before uploaded to the server. If we check the size of the image that we uploaded, that will be less than the size of image that having in the local folder. We can implement this mechanism in most of the shopping site and photo gallery sites so that we can store large amount of images with small size and it will help the performance of the application. We can identify that even reducing the size of image there is no variation in quality or clarity of the image.  So we can easily reduce the resolution of the image using above code in ASP.Net/C# application.

%d bloggers like this: